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Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater

Famous opera singer comes to Baku to tour from Russia at the end of 1910. In one feasts given to honour of the singer Millionaire of Baku Mayılov asks musician when the next time she is going to Baku again, Actress answered ``never``. Millionaire was interested with cause of this answer singer woman says: ``it does not make sense to come there if there is not opera building to sing``. These words influence to millionaire from Baku hardly and In the same place promises to woman the during a year the opera house will be ready. For future theatre building place is bought in the Qubersky –Torqovi ( Nizami) street and construction begins. Haji Zeynalabdin Tagiyev was always applauding this kind of initiatives but he noted that it is impossible to built such building for a year. They make a bet on if opera-house will ready in time, Haji will pay all expenses. The building was project by Architect N. Q. Bayev . Total within ten month in 1910-1911 opera house was ready. The greatest musical theatre in Azerbaijan acts in this nice building that was founded in 1910 from till today. In 1928 the Theatre was named after M.F.Akhundov. This temple of art is called Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre since 1959. The history of opera in Azerbaijan starts with ``Leyli and Majnun`` by U. Hajibeyov ( 1908 on the 12th January). Till the revolution the opera of “Ashiq Qerib” by Z.Hajibeyov (1916) and “Shah Ismayil” by Muslum Maqomayev (1919) was put on the performance. The repertoire of the theatre was enriched by the operas of “Shahsenem” (1927, R.Qlier), “Nergiz” (1935, M.Maqomayev), and “Koroglu” (1937, U.Hajibeyov) that were written in the form of traditional classical opera. In 1940, the first Azerbaijan national ballet “Maiden Tower” (E.Bedelbeyli), “Homeland” (1945, Q.Qarayev and C.Hajiyev), “Khosrov and Shirin” (1942, Niyazi), “Nizami” (1948, E.Bedelbeyli) operas were put on the performance. In 1940 first Azerbaijan Ballet ``Maiden tower`` ( E. Bedelbeyli), ``Veten`` ( 1945, Qara Qarayev), ``Xosrov and Shirin`` ( 1942, Niyazi) , ``Nizami`` ( 1948, E. Bedelbeyli) operas put on stage. In 1950s, the operas of “Sevil” (1955, F.Emirov), “Independent” (1957, J.Jahangirov), “Vagif” (1960, R.Mustafayev), “Bahadir and Sona” (1961, S.Elesgerov), “The Dead” (1963, V.Adigozelov), “Soyudler Aglamaz” (1971, E.Bedelbeyli), “Aygun” (1973, Z.Bagirov), “Gelin qayasi” (1974, Sh.Akhundova), “The deceived Stars” (1977, M.Quliyev), “The Fate of the Singer” (1979, J.Jahangirov), “Natevan” (2003, V.Adigozelov), etc were successfully staged. Besides, “Seven Beauties” (1952, Q.Qarayev), “Qaraca qiz” (1965, E.Abbasov), “Ildirimli yollarda” (1961, Q.Qarayev), “The Legend of Love” (1962, A.Melikov), “Mugam” (1972, N.Eliverdibeyov), “Chitra” (1972, Niyazi), “Arabian Nights” (1979, F.Emirov), “Babek” (1986, A.Elizade), “White and Black” (2000, Kh.Mirzezade), “Love and Death” (2005, P.Bulbuloglu), etc were put on the performance and were soon successfully welcomed in the world.